It is a member of the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic family. According to many documented sources and historians, the patriarch Samaale arrived in northern Somalia from Yemen during the 9th century and subsequently founded the eponymous Samaale clan. The Isaaq clan traces their heritage to Shaykh Ishaq ibn Ahmad al-Hashimi, who settled in the ancient Somalian city of Maydh from Arabia. The clan structure has been woven deep into the country’s society over an extended period of, time and it remains the primary factor for identity in Somalia. The Biimal populate the southern part of the country and are famous for leading an extended resistance on Italian resistance. Native Somalis speak the same language, practice Islam, and share the same culture. I do not know if Abdulla Shahari reported this to you: if he did the fault lies with you; if not, I do hereby acquaint you of it. Yusuf Garaad Omar who was the Chairman of BBC Somali for over a decade and helped pioneer its rise during his tenure, is also a member. The Hawiye figure prominently in many important fields of Somali society, including the Business and Media sector. This brought the Somalis in contact with Maasai, Kalenjin, Nyongatoms, Turkanas, Murles, Nuer, Dinka, Berentu, Gallas and Oromo communities. A few clans in the southern part of Greater Somalia do not belong to the major clans, but came to be associated with them and were eventually adopted into one of their confederations: Gaalje'el in Hiran and elsewhere in central Somalia traces its paternal descent to Gardheere Samaale; Garre in the Somali Region and North Eastern Province is divided into two branches: Tuuf claiming itself to be Garre Gardheere Samaale, and Quranyow, who married Tuuf's daughter, is of Mahamed Hiniftir Mahe Dir lineage; Degoodi in the Somali Region and North Eastern Province is related to Gaaje'el as Saransoor and traces its patrilineage to Gardheere Samaale; Hawaadle in Hiran belongs to the Meyle Samaale; Ajuraan in the North Eastern Province claim descent from Maqaarre Samaale and Sheekhaal acknowledges descent from Sheikh Abadir Umar Ar-Rida, also known as Fiqi Umar. In Ethiopia, they settle in the Dollo Zone specifically in the … A third group, the occupational clans, are treated as outcasts. , There is no clear agreement on the clan and sub-clan structures and many lineages are omitted. Excerpt from Hassan's letter to Cordeaux : Your people, the Dolbahanta tribe, have killed fifteen of our men and looted eighty-four camels. But because they were not war like and were quite accomodating because they believed land was sufficient to live on and provide for every body. ", "EASO Country of Origin Information Report Somalia Security Situation", "Safety and security District baseline report: Las Anod", "Diasporic engagement in the educational sector in post-conflict Somaliland: A contribution to peacebuilding?