All rights reserved. Only 33 stars were familiar to the ancient Inuit and only six or seven of them were given names. He entered and saw a beautiful woman, the Sun, to his left who asked him to put out the lamp in front of her. Eventually however, Igaluk caught up to his sister, and the two ran so fast that they took off into the sky and became the moon and the sun. The year begins at different times for each Inuit society depending on their latitude, although the signal that marks the New Year is the same for each tribe: it is the moment when the Sun reappears above the horizon after the long polar night. He added so much fuel to the fire that it became the Sun. For the Inuit, the Sun is generally seen as a woman, and the Moon as a man. Contrary to popular belief, however, the polar night does not last for six months each year; instead, it lasts for four and a half months. As such, the Inuit have only two and a half months per year to observe the starry sky if we take into account the presence of the Moon, and only two months per year if we take into account the other factors. The ancient Inuit believed the Earth (Nunarjuaq in the Inuktitut language) to be a flat and stationary body around which celestial objects revolved. Soon after, the shaman decided to return to the house, determined not to laugh. Once the dance had ended, the Moon-Man graciously welcomed him and invited him to visit his home. However, he tripped and dropped his torch, and the flame was put out, except for a faint glow. In another room, he saw many pods of seals swimming in the ocean. One night, while he lay on the ground staring up at the Moon, he thought of ways to escape. There were several different animals, like bears, hares and foxes, but when these animals became human, they all became the same: they spoke the same language, lived in the same style of home, and hunted the same way. At his request, his hands were tied with a leather cord and the lamps in his home were extinguished. He took notice of the unique material her clothes were made of. Malina is a solar deity in Inuit religion. Indigenous culture After confronting him about it, she ran away out the door, grabbing a torch as she went. He slept in the entrance tunnel with the dogs and ate only leftovers. The Inuit measure the passage of time by using the arrival of the full moon, and their lunar calendar thus has 13 months. Upon learning the fact that it was her own younger brother, Igaluk, who had been enjoying her, Malina became red and hot with shame. As they climbed higher and higher, one of the Inuit lost a mitten and decided to return to Earth to fetch it. The snow itself is another reason. The couple began to dance before the shaman. As for the other stars, they were grouped into 16 constellations, most of which were associated with myths in which humans and animals played central roles. The time during which the northern peoples have access to the starry night sky is actually much shorter than four and a half months, even for the Inuit who live closest to the North Pole. The brother and sister lived in harmony for a long time until a great disagreement arose between them and the brother hit the sister, marking her face with a disfiguring burn. Like the Amerindian legends, Inuit legends are full of stories and characters. In olden times a brother and his sister lived in a large village in which there was a singing house, and every night the sister with her playfellows enjoyed themselves in … The following legend from the Inuit of Repulse Bay in Nunavut is an exception: A long time ago, after the World was created, a great shaman acquired such strong powers that he went to live in the sky. As it was dark, Malina was never able to tell who the man was, but one night, in the middle of their copulation, she covered her hands with the soot from the oil lamps and smeared his face with it. It occupied the centre of their universe. The word repeated by the hare had stronger magic than the fox’s word. The bear escaped by climbing into the sky and the hunters decided to follow it. Since then, night and day take turns shining over Earth, and the fox and the hare take turns finding food as well. google_ad_height = 15; Malina is constantly fleeing from Anningan as the result of strife between the two (legends vary as to the cause). Malina was then known for her passion, courage and beauty. Much to the surprise of everyone, his hands had been untied despite the fact that nobody had touched him. With each crack of the whip across his body, the boy became stronger and bigger. The shaman told them his story of what he had seen on the Moon. Several factors are responsible, the first of which is the Moon. Indigenous language Once he arrived, he realized that the Moon was a house. One day, a fox and a hare were having an argument.